Side collisions can cause Whiplash
Whiplash is most commonly researched when it's due to a rear collision in which the occupant of the car is injured by a flexion (forward) and extension (backward) whip-like mechanism of injury, but what happens when a T-bone kind of impact happens?
The answer to this question is quite similar to a number of the factors related to any collision: the size of the bullet vs. target vehicle, the rate at which the collision occurs, the installation or lack thereof of the airbag(s), the position of the neck at the time of impact, the majority of the individual (skinny/tall vs. muscular), road conditions, the and angle of the seat back, etc. Unique to side effects is that the location of the attack to the target vehicle (front, middle, back) and perhaps more importantly, the lack of distance between the occupant and the purpose of the attack since there's a relatively shallow between the occupant and the side of the car.
Probably among the best examples of the side impacts from other angles can be appreciated is to consider what happens to a person when they ride the Bumper Cars at the local fair. Though many fairs have banned that you might recall participating or watching those children who were When a bumper car is struck in a timeless manner at front, the target car is spun around and the occupant hangs on for dear life. In the same way, a side attack to the back of the bumper car spins the rear end around. When the occupant is aware of the impending crash, they grip the wheel, tuck their mind by shrugging their shoulders, and make their body stiff and typically, don't get whipped up to those who don't anticipate the effect. Since the bumper cars do not dent or crush (that is, there's absolutely no plastic deformity where harm occurs, just elastic deformity in which there's not any harm or no energy absorption by crushing of the automobile), all the crash energy is transferred to the occupant or the contents. If an individual has a purse lying on the ground of the bumper car, it can go flying out and spill around. Similarly, the person who's unaware of the impending collision will give fantastic gratification to the driver of the bullet bumper car.
When considering factors like plastic vs. elastic deformity, side air bags, and the shallow crumple zone on the sides of motor vehicles, some manufactures stand out in their capacity to protect the occupants in side-impact collisions. Normally, those vehicles with a rigid side and roof construction have been shown to be the best at protecting the occupant from harm by keeping the survival area and dissipating the energy, or force, of the impact away from the occupant. Manufactures that stand out include Volvo, Mercedes, and Subaru. They've had the best layout for decades and remain at the forefront for occupant protection in side-impact collisions. The mix of energy absorbing side construction layout and the side airbag has turned out to be among the most important elements in improving the crashworthiness of a vehicle in side-impact collisions. Side air bags became popular in the 1990s and these days, more than 95% of all passenger cars sold in the USA are equipped with side-impact airbags as standard equipment.